The Iber­ian lynx is the world’s most threat­ened species of cat, and may become the first wild cat species to go extinct for over 2,000 years. Although smaller in size, it resem­bles the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), pos­sess­ing the same char­ac­ter­is­ti­cally bobbed tail, tufts on the ears and jaw, a spot­ted coat, mus­cu­lar body and long legs. Euro­pean rab­bits make up the main­stay of the diet of the Iber­ian lynx, unlike the larger Eurasian lynx that feeds mainly on ungu­lates such as roe deer and chamois. Small deer may be eaten on occa­sion, if rab­bit num­bers are low. A male Iber­ian Lynx catches one rab­bit a day, whilst a breed­ing female will need up to 5 rab­bits a day to raise her fam­ily. Cap­tured prey is usu­ally car­ried or dragged a con­sid­er­able dis­tance before being eaten, and the remains are buried.

Iberian lynx

Pop­u­la­tion size & trend

Esti­mated pop­u­la­tion size:84143 (IUCN red list), mainly restricted to two iso­lated pop­u­la­tions in south­ern Spain.
Trend:decreas­ing; promis­ing results have been achieved in Portugal’s Iber­ian lynx breed­ing cen­tre in 20112012 where 17 cubs suc­cess­fully have been born and reared.


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Goal: 7000 tigers in the wild

Tiger range countries map

Tiger map” (CC BY 2.5) by Sander­son et al., 2006.


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