The Amur leop­ard is con­sid­ered to be one of the most crit­i­cally endan­gered big cats in the world, with just about 50 (cen­sus 2013) remain­ing in the wild, all in the Russ­ian Far East. It is one of ten liv­ing sub­species of leop­ard (accord­ing to the most recent genetic study) but it is espe­cially dis­tinc­tive due to a par­tic­u­larly pale coat com­pared to most other sub­species, and dark rosettes which are large and widely spaced with thick, unbro­ken rings with dark cen­tres. It also has a longer tail than other leop­ards. This beau­ti­ful leop­ard is well adapted to liv­ing in the harsh, cold cli­mates of its range, with a thick coat that can grow as long as 7,5 cm in win­ter. Leop­ards give a dis­tinc­tive rasp­ing call, rather than a growl, as their main vocalisation.

Leop­ards are pre­dom­i­nately soli­tary and are active mainly dur­ing the night. Indi­vid­u­als occupy large, over­lap­ping home ranges that vary in size depend­ing on the abun­dance of prey.

Leop­ards are skil­ful hunters, stalk­ing their prey to within a strik­ing dis­tance of a few metres, and feed­ing oppor­tunis­ti­cally on a wide range of ani­mals. The Amur leop­ard feeds mainly on hares (Lepus spp.), roe deer (Capre­o­lus capre­o­lus) and sika deer (Cervus nippon).

amur leopard in zoo

Pop­u­la­tion size & trend

Esti­mated pop­u­la­tion size:3050


UN Biodiversity decade
WWF Stop Wildlife Crime
Amur leopard conservation
End Ivory-funded Terrorism
Support Rewilding Europe
Snow Leopard Trust

Goal: 7000 tigers in the wild

Tiger range countries map

Tiger map” (CC BY 2.5) by Sander­son et al., 2006.


about zoos and their mis­sion regard­ing breed­ing endan­gered species, nature con­ser­va­tion, bio­di­ver­sity and edu­ca­tion, which of course relates to the evo­lu­tion of species.
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