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Ams­ter­dam zoo, Artis, is one of the old­est in zoo his­tory. It is an authen­tic city zoo. When it was founded the grounds con­sisted of a mix of foot­paths between cot­tages, pubs and run-​down small and large fac­to­ries, on the East-​side of the expand­ing city (source: Zoo was artis, zo is artis by J.G. Nieuwendijk). A few of the orig­i­nal build­ings still exists. Though, used for another pur­pose, of course. For exam­ple, the old pub called ‘Eik en Linde’ first turned into the wolf-​house, but nowa­days vis­i­tors can observe African painted dogs here. A new pub ‘Eik en Linde’ has been estab­lished in 1967 at the Plan­tage Mid­den­laan, just across the zoo, about 100 meters from the entrance. (More his­toric details to be added)

A sad but well-​known fact in the zoo’s his­tory is the death in 1883 of the last quagga in the world.

Artis Mas­ter­plan
A mas­ter­plan has been designed (2005) to expand and mod­ernise the zoo. An impor­tant part of the blue­print is the build­ing of an under­ground park­ing lot, where the orig­i­nal park­ing lot is above ground, still. This allows for addi­tional enclo­sures to be used for big felines and oth­ers. When this final stage of the expan­sion has been realised, Artis will mea­sure 14 ha.
Prepara­tory actions were started in 2008, and the works should be finalised in 2014. If no bud­getary issues arise.

Goal: 7000 tigers in the wild

Tiger range countries map

Tiger map” (CC BY 2.5) by Sander­son et al., 2006.


about zoos and their mis­sion regard­ing breed­ing endan­gered species, nature con­ser­va­tion, bio­di­ver­sity and edu­ca­tion, which of course relates to the evo­lu­tion of species.
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