Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) has released footage of rescued African grey parrots from the Republic of Congo where thousands were destined for the illegal pet trade. The parrots – many of which were injured – were confiscated from wildlife traffickers by rangers and are being held in a rescue facility constructed and maintained by WCS.
Wildlife traffickers catch the parrots in glue traps sometimes by the hundreds. Conservationists estimate an astounding 20 parrots die for every one that makes it into a pet store. Prices on the illegal market for wild parrots have quintupled over the last year leading to an explosion of trafficking.
A team of veterinarians and animal care staff from the Bronx Zoo are bringing the rescued parrots back to health. Many parrots have already succumbed to their injuries or have died from illness or stress. But almost 900 have been successfully repatriated into the wild, with more released every day.
WCS constructed a rehabilitation facility to take care of the parrots so they can be released back into the wild, with a second facility to open soon. Vets and bird department staff from WCS’s Bronx Zoo recently travelled to Congo to help provided expertise on the parrots’ care. In addition, WCS has partnered with the Congolese government to increase patrols around trafficking routes and launch more investigations into trafficking networks. A special campaign has been set up to support these efforts.
David Oehler, Curator for Ornithology with WCS’s Bronx Zoo.
“The WCS Congo veterinary staff is making heroic efforts to save as many parrots as possible, and we were honoured to provide our expertise and assistance,” said Oehler.
WCS says the parrots were probably destined for the neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo, where they would eventually be smuggled to key markets in Europe and the Middle East.
Last year, WCS, our government partners, and other NGOs successfully advocated having the African grey parrot transferred from Appendix II to Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) at the CITES meeting in Johannesburg. Now that the species is in Appendix I, all international commercial trade is prohibited. But without proper enforcement, smuggling continues, and unscrupulous traffickers continue to reap profits.
The issue of illegal trade from Congo to DRC is being discussed at the CITES Standing Committee that meets in Geneva as of 27 November through 1 December. The WCS policy statement on the Nov. 2017 meeting of the CITES Standing Committee can be found here.
The grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) has experienced significant population declines throughout its range in West, Central and East Africa. It is extremely rare or locally extinct in Benin, Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Togo. Its conservation status has been classified as Endangered by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™. This once very abundant species of the forests of West, Central, and East Africa is unfortunately now threatened by out of control international trade. CITES Appendix I, and strong enforcement by all countries, is critical to stopping this illegal trade.
In Ghana alone, African grey parrot populations are estimated to have declined by 90 – 99 percent and in many other parts of their range, forests that were once full of their “music” are now eerily quiet.
“Traffickers are vacuuming up African grey parrots from Africa’s forests,” said Emma Stokes, WCS Regional Director for Central Africa “This heartbreaking footage should serve as a wake-up call to any prospective buyers of parrots to avoid them unless they come from a highly reputable dealer and you are absolutely certain they were bred in captivity and not taken from the wild.”
(Source: WCS news release, 14.11.2017)