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201808Dec11:27

IUCN Red List of Threat­ened Species™: Novem­ber 2018 Update

Infor­ma­tion
pub­lished 08 Decem­ber 2018 | mod­i­fied 08 Decem­ber 2018
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Con­ser­va­tion action has brought renewed hope for the Fin Whale and the Moun­tain Gorilla, accord­ing to November’s update of the IUCN Red List of Threat­ened Species™. The Fin Whale has improved in sta­tus from Endan­gered to Vul­ner­a­ble fol­low­ing bans on whal­ing, while the Moun­tain Gorilla sub­species has moved from Crit­i­cally Endan­gered to Endan­gered thanks to col­lab­o­ra­tive con­ser­va­tion efforts.

The Novem­ber IUCN Red List update also reveals that over­fish­ing is caus­ing fish species in parts of the devel­op­ing world to decline, with 13% of the world’s grouper species and 9% of Lake Malawi fish now threat­ened with extinc­tion. Over­ex­ploita­tion also threat­ens the Vene tree (Pte­ro­car­pus eri­naceus) – an impor­tant source of tim­ber – which enters The IUCN Red List as Endangered.

The IUCN Red List now includes 96,951 species of which 26,840 are threat­ened with extinction.

Today’s update to The IUCN Red List illus­trates the power of con­ser­va­tion action, with the recov­er­ies we are see­ing of the Fin Whale and the Moun­tain Gorilla. These con­ser­va­tion suc­cesses are proof that the ambi­tious, col­lab­o­ra­tive efforts of gov­ern­ments, busi­ness and civil soci­ety could turn back the tide of species loss. Unfor­tu­nately, the lat­est update also under­lines how threats to bio­di­ver­sity con­tinue to under­mine some of society’s most impor­tant goals, includ­ing food secu­rity. We urgently need to see effec­tive con­ser­va­tion action strength­ened and sus­tained. The recent UN bio­di­ver­sity sum­mit in Egypt pro­vided a valu­able oppor­tu­nity for deci­sive action to pro­tect the diver­sity of life on our planet.

Inger Ander­sen, IUCN Direc­tor General.

The update to the IUCN red lists included as well a regional assess­ment for large car­ni­vores in Europe. It pro­vides the lat­est pop­u­la­tion num­bers, trends, and threat assess­ments of these species. Over­all the assess­ment results are pos­i­tive. On a con­ti­nen­tal scale the sta­tus of brown bear, Eurasian lynx, wolf and golden jackal has not wors­ened and remained Least Con­cern, while for wolver­ine it is Vul­ner­a­ble, still. Unfor­tu­nately there are some indi­vid­ual pop­u­la­tions of bears (e.g. in the Pyre­nees, the Alps and the Apen­nines) and lynx (e.g. the west­ern Balkans) which are much more endan­gered. Although chal­lenges remain these are fore­most asso­ci­ated with find­ing path­ways to sus­tain­able coex­is­tence, and less with sav­ing these species from regional extinc­tion. The Euro­pean regional assess­ments can be found here: Bears, Eurasian lynx, wolves, wolver­ines and golden jack­als.

(Source: IUCN news release, 14.11.2018; Large Car­ni­vore Ini­tia­tive for Europe news release, 24.11.2018)


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